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Things about Kharkov we are proud of! Part II

See Part I


Some unique discoveries often become forgotten, and this can be said about the first “logical thinking machine” developed by Kharkov University professor, A.N. Shukarev. With this machine he was able to discover eight types of solutions of electrolytes and non-electrolytes. Later he gave the machine to the mathematics department, and no one knows what happened to it after that. We must note that the name “Shukarev” is related to some important steps in information technology development in Ukraine and the Soviet Union at large. There were many more similar discoveries. 


Kharkov has been a leader in many different spheres. The first atom smashing in the USSR was performed by Kharkov’s scientists in1932. A legendary World War Two tank, T-34, was also built in Kharkov in 1939. The first court proceedings against Nazi criminals in 1943 took place in Kharkov’s opera theatre (now philharmonic). In Kharkov, V. M. Shamov founded a blood transfusion institution, the second one in the USSR and in the entire world. 


All this took place during the Soviet times. However, there is much more than this to our city’s history. What do we know about pre-revolutionary Kharkov? What did it look like, what was important back then, and who tried to make it so “Soviet”? 


During Cossack period Kharkov was a center of Sloboda Ukraine regiment. At that time it wasn’t just a military, but also an administrative unit. Four out of six largest Sloboda fairs took place in Kharkov, as the city was also a trade center during those days. 


Read more about important Kharkov events in the next part. Or check the best selection of Kharkov apartment rentals if you plan to visit Kharkiv in the nearest future!

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